One of the oldest, water harvesting systems is found about km from Pune along Naneghat in the Western Ghats. A large number of tanks were cut in the rocks to provide drinking water to tradesmen who used to travel along this ancient trade route.
Each fort in the area had is own water harvesting and storage system in the form of rock-cut cisterns, ponds, tanks and wells that are still in use today. A large number of forts like Raigad hand tanks that supplied water. In ancient times, houses in parts of western Rajasthan were built so that each had a root top water harvesting system.
Rainwater from these rooftops was directed into underground tanks. This system can be seen even today in all the forts, palaces and houses of the region. Underground baked earthen pipes and tunnels to maintain the flow of water for to transport it to distant places, are still functional at Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh, Golkunda and Bijapur in Karnataka, and Aurangabad in Maharashtra.
The most important step in the direction of finding solutions to problems of water and environment conservation is to change people's attitudes and habits which includes each one of us. Conserve water because it is the right thing to do. We can follow some of the simple things that have been listed below and contributed to water conservation.
Try to do one thing each day that will result in saving water. Don't worry if the savings are minimal because every drop counts! You can make a difference. Form a group of water -conscious people and encouarage your friends and neighbours to be part of this group.
Promote water conservation in community news letters and on bulletin boars. Encourage your friends, neighbours and co-workers to also contribute.
Water is the most precious gift to the humanity by the nature. Life on the earth is possible only because of water. Three-fourth surface of the earth is covered by the water even after people are suffering from water scarcity in many regions of the India and other countries.
Difficulties faced by the people in various regions because of water scarcity teach us to conserve and save water in order to protect the water environment, save life and save world. Water is the most essential source of life on the earth as we need water in every walk of life like drinking, cooking, bathing, washing, growing crops, plants, etc.
We should save water for proper supply of water to future generations without contaminating it. We should stop misusing water, manage water usage properly, and maintain the quality of water.
Water is the precious gift to our life on the earth from the God. According to the availability of the water on earth we can understand the importance of water in our lives.
Everything on the earth need water like human beings, animals, trees, plants, insects, and other living things. Balance of water on the earth goes through the process like raining and evaporation. Three-fourth surface of the earth is surrounded by the water however, contains very less percentage of the clean water means fit for human use.
So, the problem is with the scarcity of clean water which may end the life here. Clean water is very essential component of life, so we need to conserve water for the future safety. If we save water; we save life and save whole world on the earth.
Water is called as the universal solvent so it is a key component ensures quality of lives. We should join our hands together and take a pledge of using water according to need only without contaminating it. We should save our water from the water pollution by inhibiting the mixing of industrial wastes and other wastes into the water. There should be proper waste management system which must be followed by everyone.
It is very clear to everyone that water is very necessary for life existence on the earth. Our each and every activity for the life survival is related to the need of water. So, we all must understand the importance of clean water on the earth and try our best to not involve in the water wastage instead involve in saving it. We should save our clean water from the contamination and getting polluted from the waste materials of industries, sewage, toxic chemicals and other wastes.
The main reason of water scarcity and clean water contamination is the ever increasing population and rapid industrialization and urbanization.
Due to the clean water scarcity, people cannot fulfill their basic needs in the near future. In some of the Indian states like Rajasthan and some parts of Gujarat women and girls have to cover long distances to get drinking water. Save water or conservation of water has been very essential to maintain the existence of life on the earth because no life is possible without water. Water helps in the continuity of life cycle on the earth as an exception in the whole universe as earth is only known planet having water and life.
Water is our need throughout the life so only we are responsible to save it. According to the conducted by United Nation, it is found that girls in the Rajasthan do not go to school as they have to go long distances to get water which eats their whole day so they do not get time for other purposes.
The prevalence of residential water metering varies significantly worldwide. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that metering alone can reduce consumption by 20 to 40 percent. Water metering would benefit society, in the long run, it is proven that water metering increases the efficiency of the entire water system, as well as help unnecessary expenses for individuals for years to come. One would be unable to waste water unless they are willing to pay the extra charges, this way the water department would be able to monitor water usage by the public, domestic and manufacturing services.
Conservation advocates have urged removal of all subsidies to force farmers to grow more water-efficient crops and adopt less wasteful irrigation techniques. New technology poses a few new options for consumers, features such as full flush and half flush when using a toilet are trying to make a difference in water consumption and waste.
Also available are modern shower heads that help reduce wasting water: Old shower heads are said to use gallons per minute, while new fixtures available are said to use 2.
The Home Water Works website contains useful information on household water conservation. Many water-saving devices such as low-flush toilets that are useful in homes can also be useful for business water saving. Other water-saving technology for businesses includes:.
For crop irrigation, optimal water efficiency means minimizing losses due to evaporation , runoff or subsurface drainage while maximizing production. An evaporation pan in combination with specific crop correction factors can be used to determine how much water is needed to satisfy plant requirements. Flood irrigation , the oldest and most common type, is often very uneven in distribution, as parts of a field may receive excess water in order to deliver sufficient quantities to other parts.
Overhead irrigation , using center-pivot or lateral-moving sprinklers, has the potential for a much more equal and controlled distribution pattern. Drip irrigation is the most expensive and least-used type, but offers the ability to deliver water to plant roots with minimal losses.
However, drip irrigation is increasingly affordable, especially for the home gardener and in light of rising water rates. Using drip irrigation methods can save up to 30, gallons of water per year when replacing irrigation systems that spray in all directions. As changing irrigation systems can be a costly undertaking, conservation efforts often concentrate on maximizing the efficiency of the existing system. This may include chiseling compacted soils, creating furrow dikes to prevent runoff, and using soil moisture and rainfall sensors to optimize irrigation schedules.
The UNEP Green Economy Report notes that "[i]mproved soil organic matter from the use of green manures, mulching, and recycling of crop residues and animal manure increases the water holding capacity of soils and their ability to absorb water during torrential rains",  which is a way to optimize the use of rainfall and irrigation during dry periods in the season.
Water shortage has become an increasingly difficult problem to manage. The imbalance between supply and demand, along with persisting issues such as climate change and exponential population growth , has made water reuse a necessary method for conserving water.
Seawater desalination requires more energy than the desalination of fresh water. Despite this, many seawater desalination plants have been built in response to water shortages around the world. This makes it necessary to evaluate the impacts of seawater desalination and to find ways to improve desalination technology. Current research involves the use of experiments to determine the most effective and least energy intensive methods of desalination.
Sand filtration is another method used to treat water. Recent studies show that sand filtration needs further improvements, but it is approaching optimization with its effectiveness at removing pathogens from water. The removal of pathogens from recycled water is of high priority because wastewater always contains pathogens capable of infecting humans.
The levels of pathogenic viruses have to be reduced to a certain level in order for recycled water to not pose a threat to human populations.
Water conservation essay is the paper dedicated to the urgent problem of the contemporary world about the necessity and possible ways of water protection. The importance of the essay is explained by the increase of the amount of consumed water due to the growth of population, household activity and infrastructure, and climate changes.
Essay Drinking Water Shortage and Water Conservation Words | 7 Pages. depend on water for survival (Kenneth). No human, animal or plant can survive for long without this essential commodity. For us humans, water is the driving engine of most of our economic and recreational activities.
Water is a part of our daily life and we are heavily dependent on it. The conservation of water is very important and necessary to have a healthy and long-lasting life. Conserving the water is not difficult, it saves money, and it is beneficial to our future. Water conservation has become the need of the day. The idea of ground water recharging by harvesting rainwater is gaining importance in many cities. In the forest, water seeps gently into the ground as vegetation retards the flow of water over the surface.
Conservation of water is as much essential as preserving our flora and fauna and also protecting our heritage. With the highly disturbing reports of our water sources drying up or depleting in nature and nuance, it is time that we sat up and gave a serious thought and consideration to measures that could help save water and conserve it for use, both for the present and future generations. Central Idea: Our water is a treasured resource that should be protected for our future generations I. About 70% of the earths surface is covered with water. (show globe) A. Of all this water, only.3% is usable by humans, the remaining % is either unusable salt water or .