Explain the purpose of the interview. Address terms of confidentiality. Note any terms of confidentiality. Rarely can you absolutely promise anything. Courts may get access to information, in certain circumstances. Explain who will get access to their answers and how their answers will be analyzed.
If their comments are to be used as quotes, get their written permission to do so. See getting informed consent. Explain the format of the interview. Explain the type of interview you are conducting and its nature.
If you want them to ask questions, specify if they're to do so as they have them or wait until the end of the interview. Indicate how long the interview usually takes. Tell them how to get in touch with you later if they want to. Ask them if they have any questions before you both get started with the interview. Don't count on your memory to recall their answers.
Ask for permission to record the interview or bring along someone to take notes. Types of Interviews Informal, conversational interview - no predetermined questions are asked, in order to remain as open and adaptable as possible to the interviewee's nature and priorities; during the interview, the interviewer "goes with the flow". General interview guide approach - the guide approach is intended to ensure that the same general areas of information are collected from each interviewee; this provides more focus than the conversational approach, but still allows a degree of freedom and adaptability in getting information from the interviewee.
Standardized, open-ended interview - here, the same open-ended questions are asked to all interviewees an open-ended question is where respondents are free to choose how to answer the question, i. Closed, fixed-response interview - where all interviewees are asked the same questions and asked to choose answers from among the same set of alternatives.
This format is useful for those not practiced in interviewing. Types of Topics in Questions Patton notes six kinds of questions. One can ask questions about: Note that the above questions can be asked in terms of past, present or future. Sequence of Questions Get the respondents involved in the interview as soon as possible. Whether you are conducting a structured or unstructured interview, the development of the questions you ask takes into consideration:. All interview guides are developed iteratively - questions are developed, tested, and then refined based on what one learns from asking people these questions.
When conducting semi-structured or unstructured interviews, the interviewer develops a 'loose' guide, with general questions designed to open up conversation about the topic. Silence on the part of the interviewer is golden and can give the interviewee time to think and speak.
A number of resources below provide excellent guidance on the development of research questions. The following resources were used and can be reviewed by those interested in more information of the topic of interviewing.
Learning how to ask: A sociolinguistic appraisal of the role of the interview in social science research. Qualitative interviews in medical research. The interactive relational approach. Some reports, particularly for businesses, may be confidential, and you may not be allowed to send copies to interviewees. In this case, check whether or not you can at least send them a copy of a press release on the work or something similar. Knowing the results of the work does encourage interviewees to be helpful in responding to future requests for interviews.
Nigel Peacock is a research and training consultant in areas related to business and management. His current interests include skills development and research into work-life balance. Click on the link to view the current vacancies in the field of PhD Studentship. What do you think about this article? Email your thoughts and feedback to us. Great jobs for bright people. Sign In Register Recruiters. Choose your targets Choose how many people to interview, and which ones.
Make it easy for people to meet you Phone your potential interviewees to make personal contact. Be professional At the interview, exchange business cards.
Ethics and Conducting Research. Also see Related Library Topics. Also See the Library's Blogs Related to Doing Research Interviews. In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which have posts related to Doing Research Interviews. Scan down the blog's page to see various posts.
– The purpose of this paper is to draw on experience in supervising new researchers and the advice of other writers, to offer novice researchers, such as those engaged in study for a thesis, a pragmatic introduction to conducting research interviews.
[email protected]! Updated!03/!! • Make!anote!of!(or!record)!the!full!name!of!the!person!you!are!interview. Interviews can be defined as a qualitative research technique which involves “conducting intensive individual interviews with a small number of respondents to explore their perspectives on a particular idea, program or situation.”.
Conducting Research & Interviews Articles may be listed in more than one category. If the "Return to [Menu]" link doesn't take you back to where you started, simply use your browser's "back" button! interviewing is to understand the meaning of what the interviewees say. (Kvale,) A qualitative research interview seeks to cover both a factual and a meaning level, though it is usually more difficult to interview on a meaning level. (Kvale,) Interviews are particularly useful for getting the story behind a participant’s experiences.