Early Greek philosophers felt that animals did not deserve moral consideration because they did not have the ability to make moral decisions themselves. Moral value is often extended to animals based on attributes that humans see as desirable. Thus animals that provide a resource or a service to humans may be seen as having more value.
Likewise, animals with behaviors that are either beneficial or non-threatening to humans may also be attributed with more value. Another ethical principle that affects human attitudes toward animal use is that of minimizing the harm done to animals.
The assumption is that all animals will avoid pain, distress or death if given the choice, and therefore it is ethical for humans to minimize exposing animals to these events. The primary concepts that have evolved are:. These concepts are reflected in the regulations and guidelines that govern our use of animals. Before stating the details, it is worth noting here that there is a difference between concerns about animal welfare which these regulations address and animal rights, which asserts that animals have a right not to be used for research or as a means to human ends.
Traditional antivivisectionists who are concerned with animal welfare may accept high quality animal care and use programs as addressing animal welfare concerns. Animal rights activists who believe animals have a right not to be a part of any research or human use including consumption, or clothing would not find acceptable the development of steps toward high quality animal care. On this moral point, there is unlikely to be a compromise. A veterinarian employed by USDA inspects all facilities covered by the Act at least annually for compliance with animal welfare regulations.
For example, when they put the animals in the labs, they inject with strong drugs, or does the surgery practice on them. Sometimes, they are injured or even killed in during the experiment. Using humans in the experiments is very complicated and required to have consent from these people that makes it hard to use humans.
Since animals and humans are very similar and sometimes have the same organs, it is good when researchers use animals when determining whether the medicines are safe for humans to use or not.
Doing so is to save lives of a person because no drugs can be tested on human is the most reason for using the animals in the psychological research. Using humans could be requires too much of things which includes but not limited to 1 consent of the participants, full description of the process and machines that will be used in the experiment, and also the maximum risks of the experiment.
This means that the researchers must explain every single detail about the experiment. Today, researchers must abide by basic ethical norms when conducting research. Most important, they must consider whether they might harm their human or animal subjects while doing research. Ethics refers to a system of moral values or the way people distinguish right from wrong. The American Psychological Association APA requires all its members to adhere to its code of ethics, which applies to the treatment of both humans and animals.
Researchers must get informed consent from their subjects before beginning research. Informed consent means that subjects must know enough about the research to decide whether to participate, and they must agree to participate voluntarily. Furthermore, researchers have an ethical obligation to prevent physical and mental harm to their subjects.
Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Animals in Research was developed by the American Psychological Association Committee on Animal Research and Ethics in Members on the committee were Gary Dunbar, PhD, Jennifer Higa, PhD, Theresa Jones, PhD, Barbara Kaminski, PhD, Scott Robinson, PhD, Rodney Swain, PhD, Pamela Scott-Johnson, PhD, Eric Wiertelak, PhD, .
Ethical Considerations In Animal Use The use of animals in research and teaching is a subject that stirs controversy among many people. The reasons for this are complex and are rooted deep in history, religion and culture.
Ending all use of animals in research has always been a goal of a number of passionate, organized, sometimes militant, and sometimes terrorist, animal rights groups. Perhaps most visible among them is the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). It is important to note that the use of animals in research is heavily controlled by the British Psychological Society (BPS) and it’s Standing Advisory Committee on the Welfare of Animals in Psychology (SACWAP) by means of strict ethical guidelines to prevent cruelty and irresponsible treatment of animals.
publish animal research require that the authors affirm that the research was done in accordance with particular ethical standards. APA Ethics Code and Other Guidelines Cover Treatment of Research Animals The APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct includes principles for the humane and ethical treatment of research animals. Ethical Considerations in Research. Ethical guidelines in psychological research serve to minimize harm to participants’ mental and physical well-being. The principles of replacement, reduction, and refinement are used to guide more ethical use of animals in testing and research. Key Terms.