Instead of the here and now of drab reality, Romanticism values something exotic, unattainable, or lost, an alternate reality that challenges the everyday. For example, a nostalgic past or dramatic future, a distant star or a voice deep inside, a dream desired, denied, but never forgotten. Modern audiences are conversant with such Romantic themes or images. The term "Romantic" is commonly limited to love just as " romances " now mean love stories , but some subtler uses reveal how the wider meaning of Romanticism endures: For example, "How romantic!
Historically, the Romantic era is sometimes called "The Age of Revolution" from the French Revolution and the American Revolution , the Haitian Revolution , and subsequent revolutions in Europe and Latin America including the War for Mexican Independence, The Romantic "Age of Revolution" may also refer to.
Historically, it is traditional to regard Romanticism as a reaction against the Enlightenment or Age of Reasont , but Romanticism depends on Enlightenment institutions and practices for support and continuity. Stylistically, Romanticism includes movements or terms as diverse but associated as the gothic , the sublime , Transcendentalism , and the romance narrative, and the significance of feelings and the imagination over or in addition to Enlightenment values like reason, empiricism , and logic.
The Romantic movement began in Europe, particularly Germany, but became an international movement and style dominant throughout Europe, in Russia, the Americas, and beyond.
A simple, memorable way to imagine the Romantic era: In everyday modern English, "Romantic" commonly refers to feelings of love, desire, or escape and " romance " is used to describe a love story "a woman's romance". For literature and the arts , "Romantic" has a broader meaning that does not necessarily conflict with popular usage—but the literary or historical meaning is more extensive and adaptable.
This usage is still somewhat current in modern English, e. Thus what is Romantic is often the long ago and far away rather than the here and now. In science fiction, which is normally Romantic in plot and character, "the long ago" becomes "the future. For literary or cultural studies "Romantic" carries this dynamic range of meanings , but popular culture retains more specialized meanings for love, affection, the feelings.
Overall, then, students of literature have to put up with some cognitive dissonance: Academic or historic meanings: Romanticism is a period or style of art involving many familiar and popular values and impulses. A romance is a type of story that may involve love but is not restricted to love; its defining characteristics are a journey or quest for self-transformation or fulfillment, as in a knight's quest for the Holy Grail, a heroine's attempt to rescue her baby, or an action hero's quest for revenge on the villain who killed a member of his family.
When we read the Romantics now, they seem old-fashioned. The Romantics had a huge crush on nature. These guys and sometimes gals loved trees, flowers, mountains, clouds, crags, birds…you name it. As long as it was outdoors, they loved it. The Romantics loved to brood. They liked to sit, hunched over, clothes all disheveled, chin on hand, frowning, and thinking about Time.
How quickly it goes by, how mysterious it is. The Romantics weren't conformists. No, they would be the kids in high school who wear strange clothes, listen to underground music, and don't hang out with anyone else. They're not trying to fit in Don Juan, Prometheus, Frankenstein's monster: The Romantics were great at creating larger-than-life, unforgettable heroes.
Boy were the Romantics a sentimental lot. A flower could move them to tears.
Romantic nationalism had a largely negative effect on the writing of history in the 19th century, as each nation tended to produce its own version of history, and the critical attitude, even cynicism, of earlier historians was often replaced by a tendency to create romantic .
In America, the Romantic Movement was slightly delayed and modulated, holding sway over arts and letters from roughly up to the Civil War. Contrary to the English example, American literature championed the novel as the most fitting genre for Romanticism’s exposition.
The Romantic period The nature of Romanticism As a term to cover the most distinctive writers who flourished in the last years of the 18th century and the first decades of the 19th, “Romantic” is indispensable but also a little misleading: there was no self-styled “Romantic movement” at the time, and the great writers of the period did not call themselves Romantics. Because of Enlightenment's neglect, Romanticism reasserts nature, feeling, memory, imagination, myth, and spirituality. In Romanticism, nature is lauded as one of the most supreme objects of observation, while the enlightenment intellectuals' eyes were fixed on reasoning, political essays, and science.
Romanticism burgeoned as a reaction against the rationalization of nature and emphasis on scientific thought and cultural life that characterized the Age of Enlightenment. Some characteristics of Romanticism are the following: A validation of stong emotion and imagination as authentic sources of aesthetic experience. Romanticism is marked by its breaking of traditional writing conventions. This ties into the rebellion typical of the age. Romantic writing also features interest in ruins from ancient civilizations.