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❶What economic, social, and ethnic conditions typical of the early southern colonies see Chapter 2 were generally absent in the New England and middle colonies?




Europeans developed a variety of colonization and migration patterns, influenced by different imperial goals, cultures, and the varied North American environments where they settled, and they competed with each other and American Indians for resources. Spanish, French, Dutch, and British colonizers had different economic and imperial goals involving land and labor that shaped the social and political development of their colonies as well as their relationships with native populations.

A Spanish efforts to extract wealth from the land led them to develop institutions based on subjugating native populations, converting them to Christianity, and incorporating them, along with enslaved and free Africans, into the Spanish colonial society.

B French and Dutch colonial efforts involved relatively few Europeans and relied on trade alliances and intermarriage with American Indians to build economic and diplomatic relationships and acquire furs and other products for export to Europe. C English colonization efforts attracted a comparatively large number of male and female British migrants, as well as other European migrants, all of whom sought social mobility, economic prosperity, religious freedom, and improved living conditions.

These colonists focused on. In the 17th century, early British colonies developed along the Atlantic coast, with regional. A The Chesapeake and North Carolina colonies grew prosperous exporting tobacco — a labor-intensive product initially cultivated by white, mostly male indentured servants and later by enslaved Africans. B The New England colonies, initially settled by Puritans, developed around small towns with family farms and achieved a thriving mixed economy of agriculture and commerce.

C The middle colonies supported a flourishing export economy based on cereal crops and attracted a broad range of European migrants, leading to societies with greater cultural, ethnic, and religious diversity and tolerance. They depended on the labor of enslaved Africans, who often constituted the majority of the population in these areas and developed their own forms of cultural and religious autonomy. The New England colonies based power in participatory town meetings, which in turn elected members to their colonial legislatures; in the Southern colonies, elite planters exercised local authority and also dominated the elected assemblies.

Competition over resources between European rivals and American Indians encouraged industry and trade and led to conflict in the Americas. A An Atlantic economy developed in which goods, as well as enslaved Africans and American Indians, were exchanged between Europe, Africa, and the Americas through extensive trade networks. European colonial economies focused on acquiring, producing, and exporting commodities that were valued in Europe and gaining new sources of labor.

B Continuing trade with Europeans increased the flow of goods in and out of American Indian communities, stimulating cultural and economic changes and spreading epidemic diseases that caused radical demographic shifts.

D The goals and interests of European leaders and colonists at times diverged, leading to a growing mistrust on both sides of the Atlantic. Colonists, especially in British North America, expressed dissatisfaction over issues including territorial settlements, frontier defense, self-rule, and trade. C Interactions between European rivals and American Indian populations fostered both accommodation and conflict. French, Dutch, British, and Spanish colonies allied with and armed American Indian groups, who frequently sought alliances with Europeans against other Indian groups.

E British conflicts with American Indians over land, resources, and political boundaries led to. F American Indian resistance to Spanish colonizing efforts in North America, particularly after the Pueblo Revolt, led to Spanish accommodation of some aspects of American Indian culture in the.

Checklist of Learning Objectives. After mastering this chapter, you should be able to: He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government. A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.

A Puritan with strong religious beliefs. He opposed total democracy, believing the colony was best governed by a small group of skillful leaders. He helped organize the New England Confederation in and served as its first president. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.

Criticized the Church of England, fled to Massachusetts Bay Colony, defended government's duty to enforce religious rules. King and Queen of England in With them, King James' Catholic reign ended. As they were Protestant, the Puritans were pleased because only protestants could be office-holders. Chief of the Wampanoag Indians who helped the Pilgrims survive.

They had peace for 40 years until his death. Captain on the Mayflower; he later rendered indispensable service as an Indian fighter and negotiator. Claimed there were only 2 sacraments: New England clergyman who wrote the popular poem "Day of Doom", which told the horrifying fate of the damned. Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.

This is the belief of the Calvinism religion and that only these people can be saved and ordinary people cannot earn salvation. This belief was started by John Calvin in in France when he published "Institutes of the Christian Religion" and is still the belief of Calvinists today. A legal agreement that gives an individual the right to market a company's products or services in a particular area.

A religious belief developed by John Calvin held that a certain number of people were predestined to go to heaven by God. This belief in the elect, or "visible saints," figured a major part in the doctrine of the Puritans who settled in New England during the 's.

A radical reorientation of one's whole life away from sin and evil and toward God. This is a central element of Christ's preaching, of the Church's ministry of evangelization, and of the Sacrament of Penance. Bible an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return.

An interpretation of Puritan beliefs that stressed God's gift of salvation and minimized what an individual could do to gain salvation; identified with Anne Hutchinson. Bay Colony coined by Winthrop to describe how their colony should serve as a model of excellence for future generations.

Led by Martin Luther. A member of a Puritan Separatist sect that left England in the early s to settle in the Americas. The colony established political freedom and a representative government. The Dominion ended in , when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros. Inspired by Luther, this book gave him international praise and gave Protestantism intellectual force and legitimacy. Promoted English shipping and control colonial trade; made Americans ship all non-British items to England before going to America.

Movement of over , African American from the rural south into Northern cities between and A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.

A Puritan representative assembly elected by the freemen; they assisted the governor; this was the early form of Puritan democracy in the 's. Trading company chartered by the Dutch government to conduct its merchants' trade in the Americas and Africa.


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Click newspaper articles bullying link to download. On-Line Test Preparation. AP* US History. This test will determine whether you have learned the apush terms chapter 3 essentials of APUSH's Chapters 3 through 4 · Take a apush terms chapter 3 FREE course that based on this textbook here. 8/5/13 APUSH Settling the Northern Colonies Vocabulary 1. John Calvin 1. Protestant leader 2. Created dominant religion of American settlers 3. Wrote theories in Institutes of the Christian Religion.

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APUSH Key Terms Chapter One Conquistador- one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century. Aztec Moctezuma- was the ninth tlatoani or . APUSH Review: America's History, Chapter 3. APUSH Review: Spanish, English, French, and Dutch Colonization Compare and contrast the New England and middle colonies in terms of motives for founding (see Chapter 2) were generally absent in the New England and middle colonies? What characteristics did the middle colonies have that were.