Although Industrial revolution brought about significant economic development throughout Europe, there were also considerable social and cultural changes seen as well Snooks, Industrial revolution had a tremendous transformation on the middle class, which initially was comprised of industrialists and businessmen to another class of noble and gentry people.
There were increased employment opportunities for the ordinary working people in the industries, but under strict working conditions. There work was monitored and controlled by machines hence long hours of work Clark, Industrial revolution led to the introduction of urbanization since many people relocated to the cities to look for employment in factories; such as the water power silk mill and the cotton spinning mill.
This was characterized by dense, cramped housing and poor living conditions. There was the introduction of new laws guarding child labor, public health and working condition for the ordinary workers to avoid exploitation of the minority Snooks, As much as there were positive effects of the industrial revolution such as urbanization, there was also a negative impact on industrial revolution that comprised of people who were anti technologists such as the luddites Clark, There was a change in culture since new cities grew rapidly, affecting families and peer groups.
For instance, there was an influence in drugs by peer groups and the following: This led to considerable expansions of commercial activities in Europe Snooks, Steam power was invented that was used to provide power in the factories, used for mining, and transport. It replaced human labor and introduced machines that could do mining in depth, increase production in the industries, and fast means of transport to the markets.
The textile industry was changed by new machines the spinning Jenny allowing for much higher production at lower costs and in less time Jacob, Thanks to the industrial revolution that brought about, better transport system such as the canals and then the railway. These provided quick, better means of transporting raw materials from the mines and also finished products to the market. Trade expansion was enabled. There was also much development in metal and chemical industries due to the industrial revolution that provided better working conditions for its workers Clark, Development of all-metal machine tools enabled the manufacture of more production machines for industries.
These spread all over Western Europe and North America then to the rest of the world. The industrial revolution facilitated the manufacture of more production machines. Causes of Industrial revolution Industrial revolution came about due to several inventions and the scientific revolution allowing for new discoveries such as technology.
Resources required for the industrial revolutions were readily available hence boost industrialization to occur. There was a culture of hard work, developing ideas and risk taking that initiated for the industrial revolution in Europe.
Availability of large amount of capital that Europe was ready to use for investment also led to the industrial revolution Clark, There was the end of feudalism that changed the economic relationship among the Europe continent, this encouraged industrial revolution. A large population that allowed for industrial workforce was available. As much as Western Europe tried to do away with capitalism, industrial revolution contributed to the creation of a true capitalist system.
There was wide spread of investments, stock markets, and business corporations. Britain was the main advocator for the industrial revolution due to the agricultural revolution.
There is no doubt that the Industrial Revolution was one of the most influential time periods of human history. It was almost solely responsible for propelling society into the modern economies that we still have in place today. The technological advances of this time are what allowed for the mass production of goods and services for society, which allowed for trade to be conducted on a much larger scale. Additionally, the average family saw in increase in the amount of income that they received because an unskilled worker could find work in one of the many new factories that were opened to produce the goods needed for the business.
Unfortunately the workers of the time were usually taken advantage of because of their apparent lack of skill and the abundance of workers available for the same jobs. This created a work environment especially negative for women who would be treated unfairly in the workplace and would receive less pay for the work that they did. Prompted by the oppression that many in the working class felt, literary works were put out to inspire the workers to take back their freedoms.
The actual effects of the revolution on different sections of society differed. They manifested themselves at different times. Initially, machines like the Watt Steam Engine and the Spinning Jenny only benefited the rich industrialists.
The effects on the general population, when they did come, were major. Prior to the revolution, most cotton spinning was done with a wheel in the home. These advances allowed families to increase their productivity and output. It gave them more disposable income and enabled them to facilitate the growth of a larger consumer goods market. The lower classes were able to spend. For the first time in history, the masses had a sustained growth in living standards. Social historians noted the change in where people lived.
Industrialists wanted more workers and the new technology largely confined itself to large factories in the cities. Thousands of people who lived in the countryside migrated to the cities permanently. It led to the growth of cities across the world, including London, Manchester, and Boston. The permanent shift from rural living to city living has endured to the present day. The rate of trade increased and made nations like Great Britain and the United States richer than ever before.
Naturally, this translated to military power and the ability to sustain worldwide trade networks and colonies. On the other hand, the Industrial Revolution and migration led to the mass exploitation of workers and slums. To counter this, workers formed trade unions. They fought back against employers to win rights for themselves and their families. The formation of trade unions and the collective unity of workers across industries are still existent today.
Then the Industrial Revolution spread to the rest of Europe from the UK, in the 19th century it spread to North America. And this is the age of machines. The histrionic meaning of Industrial Revolution is it was a period from to where changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times.
The Industrial Revolution was a time of great age throughout the world. It represented major change from to the period The movement originated in Great Britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen.
Essay on Industrial Revolution. Industrial revolution describes the period between and , in which tremendous changes characterized by developments in textile, iron were realized. The revolution was spearheaded by Britain. Modern historians refer to these changes as the first industrial revolution (Clark, ). The second revolution was characterized by steel, electronics and automobiles and was . The Industrial Revolution - Introduction The industrial revolution took place between and all round the world. In this essay it describes the changes made in Middlesbrough in this period and how the managed to cope with the surge of people coming into Middlesbrough.
The Industrial Revolution Essay July 24, - Posted to Writing Any student in a modern western civilization or history course will of course reach those units related to the Industrial Revolution – the early Industrial Revolution () in England and the ensuing second Industrial Revolution that spread to the rest of Western Europe and America. industrial revolution essaysPositive & Negative Aspects of the Industrial Revolution In the end of the 18th century a new revolution in history would be formed. It brought positive and negative effects to the world and the people living in it.