References are often used to support information discussed in essays. References help back up arguments, prove major points and make the essay more reliable. When you use references to validate the major points in your paper, you are showing the reader that your arguments are not based on your personal assertions alone, but instead on those of other authors and researchers.
You can use references by summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting your sources, providing an in-text citation and listing the sources on your reference page. Specific guidelines outline the use of references in an essay, and most essays are written following APA, MLA or Chicago Style, depending on your subject and essay instructions. It is important to know which style format is required as this affects the way in which you will create in-text citations and reference page entries.
Either way, you will be including enough information via your references, so that the reader can find your original source to validate your claim or conduct further research. As you gather references, it is important to use reliable sources that directly back up your main point.
For example, if you were writing a research paper on the benefits of school uniforms, you might look for statistics that discus how uniforms affect crime and peer pressure in schools. You might also search for professionals who have strong opinions on the matter and quote them in your paper. As you gather your references, keep detailed notes on the sources so that you can get back to them if you need to. Once you have adequate summaries of your research and quotes from professionals, you can begin to use them in your essay.
Place research in the paragraphs where it directly supports the point you are trying to make. For short paraphrasing, the page number is not needed, only the author name and date of publication. The APA advises against using footnotes and end notes.
Refer the Chicago Manual of Style section below for formatting footnotes and end notes. Start on a new page. Use a hanging indent for each entry the first line of the entry is flush with the left margin with the second indented five spaces. Each word processor has a special setting for this. Title with first letter in first word capitalized unless is it a journal. Teaching students with mental retardation: A life goal curriculum planning approach.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Like APA, in-text citations should directly follow paraphrased material to correspond with the works cited page at the end of the essay. Place source information in parentheses and separate the source name and any other identifying information, which most times pertains to a source page number and date, website page name and date, if it is an Internet source or other source with the date and type of source given.
Teaching Students with Mental Retardation: Refer to the Chicago Manual of style section for footnotes and end notes style information:. Use this style for history, arts, and social sciences papers as instructed by your teacher.
Remember, place footnotes at the end of a page with citations and endnotes at the end of an essay on separate page before the bibliography page.
A reference page lists the works cited in the text of an essay. You have several formats at your disposal to create a list of references. For example, APA style guidelines are very popular and easy to use.
How to Cite an Essay Online in MLA This is similar to a chapter in a book or anthology. Cite the author of the essay, the name of the essay, the name of the collection, the editor of the collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay.
References are often used to support information discussed in essays. References help back up arguments, prove major points and make the essay more reliable. When you use references to validate the major points in your paper, you are showing the reader that your arguments are not based on your personal assertions. Writing an essay is an unavoidable task for any high school or college student. While researching, notating and composing an essay may seem like a daunting prospect, there are simple steps one can.
The essay reference at the end of a publication is a list of books and other literary sources, sections of which the writer indicated as quoted or paraphrased in his essay. The inclusion of other authoritative sources as reference is generally required for formal essays to enhance the credibility of the writer. This consists of a list of materials that you have used at the end of the piece of writing and references to this list at various points throughout the essay. The purpose of this is to supply the information needed to allow a user to find a source.