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PHILOSOPHY Defined for English Language Learners

❶Woodings, and John Cumming, eds.


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Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. See also ethics ; literary style ; media. Thomas Aquinas and his followers. Switch to new thesaurus. Cabalism , Kabbalism - the doctrines of the Kabbalah. Aristotelianism , peripateticism - philosophy the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science; "Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought".

Platonism , realism - philosophy the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names. Stoicism - philosophy the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno. Rousseau was a famous philosopher. He's had a lot of bad luck, but he's philosophical about it. He spends all his time philosophizing and never does any work.

References in classic literature? An admirable statement of the aims of the Library of Philosophy was provided by the first editor, the late Professor J. This is the spirit of idealism, which in the history of philosophy has had many names and taken many forms, and has in a measure influenced those who seemed to be most averse to it.

The Republic is the centre around which the other Dialogues may be grouped; here philosophy reaches the highest point to which ancient thinkers ever attained. So saying, he stepped aside and wrote down a list of several books treating of natural philosophy which he desired me to procure, and dismissed me after mentioning that in the beginning of the following week he intended to commence a course of lectures upon natural philosophy in its general relations, and that M.

I can't see where philosophy comes in," said Sergey Ivanovitch, in a tone, Levin fancied, as though he did not admit his brother's right to talk about philosophy. He had read somewhere that every man was born a Platonist, an Aristotelian, a Stoic, or an Epicurean; and the history of George Henry Lewes besides telling you that philosophy was all moonshine was there to show that the thought of each philospher was inseparably connected with the man he was.

Bravery, therefore, and patience are necessary for labour, philosophy for rest, and temperance and justice in both; but these chiefly in time of peace and rest; for war obliges men to be just and temperate; but the enjoyment of pleasure, with the rest of peace, is more apt to produce insolence; those indeed who are easy in their circumstances, and enjoy everything that can make them happy, have great occasion for the virtues of temperance and justice.

The struggle between the old views and the new was long and stubbornly fought out in physical philosophy. The charms of Sophia had not made the least impression on Blifil; not that his heart was pre-engaged; neither was he totally insensible of beauty, or had any aversion to women; but his appetites were by nature so moderate, that he was able, by philosophy , or by study, or by some other method, easily to subdue them: Something like it appears in every major religion and ethical philosophy.

The wording above is from the King James Bible, Matthew 7: Definition Do you believe that everything has a purpose? Definition A syllogism is a systematic representation of a single logical inference. It has three parts: The parts are defined this way: Definition An elite is a relatively small group of people with the highest status in a society, or in some domain of activity, who have more privileges or power than other people due to their status.

Elitism is believing in or promoting this sort of arrangement, whether that be in the academic world, politics, art, sports, or anywhere else. The word total is important here: Definition In popular usage, an idealist is someone who believes in high ideals and strives to make them real, even though they may be impossible. In philosophy, idealism is about the basic stru Definition Critical thinking is the ability to reflect on and so improve your thoughts, beliefs, and expectations.

Curiosity, the desire for knowledge and understanding.

A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names

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I. Definition Deontology is a school of moral philosophy in which ethical behavior equals following rules. Deontologists believe that the goal of moral philosophy should be to figure out the “rules” for living a moral life and that once people know those rules they should follow them.

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Philosophy Index features an overview of philosophy through the works of great philosophers from throughout time. Glossary of Philosophy Terms The following is a glossary of philosophical terms and topics discussed here on Philosophy Index.

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Definition of philosophy for English Language Learners.: the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc.: a particular set of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc.: a set of ideas about how to do something or how to live. a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations of ethics and especially with the definition of ethical terms and the nature of moral discourse. metagnosticism the doctrine that knowledge of the Absolute is within human reach, but through a higher religious .

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term coined by Olufemi Taiwo for a current in the social philosophy of Karl Marx that can be interpreted as one of Natural Law. Taiwo considered it the manifestation of Natural Law in a . The noun philosophy means the study of proper behavior, and the search for wisdom. The original meaning of the word philosophy comes from the Greek roots philo- meaning "love" and .