The tomb, like those that followed, was meant to be a replica of the royal palace. The pyramids built on the Giza plateau at Memphis are the largest of all of the pyramids. The largest is the Great Pyramid, or the pyramid of Khufu.
It stands feet high. The second largest is the pyramid of Khafre. It stands feet high and still has some of the original limestone at the top. The third is the pyramid of Menakaure. The pyramids at Giza are primarily built of Granite and Limestone. The blocks of granite were quarried out of the plateau nearby and the limestone out of many different quarries as far away as fifty miles upriver.
All the blocks were checked for dimensions with special rods made specifically for that purpose. Most of the blocks used for the main structure weighed about two and a half tons.
In all, around 2,, blocks of stone are used to build a pyramid, with a workforce of around 30, people. The burial chamber was built first and contained the largest and heaviest blocks, some weighing around tons a piece. During the building of the burial chamber work was started on the procession ramp leading from the Nile river up to the pyramid. The ramp provided a way to get the king up into the pyramid after being embalmed and floated to the site. After the blocks were checked they would then be slid up slightly inclined ramps that were built on the side of the pyramid.
As the pyramid grew, the ramps grew along with it curling up and around the pyramid on all four sides. The ramps were built out of clay, wood and papyrus. After the main Granite part of the pyramid was finished the Limestone capping would be placed on the pyramid from the top down.
The stonemasons who cut the limestone could cut it so accurately that a person could not even slide a razorblade in the seams. They would during this process remove the ramps from the pyramid, and polish the limestone so that it would shine in the sun. When the king died he was taken to be embalmed at special ceremonial place across the river, when that was done he would be taken down the river by boat to the ramp of his pyramid.
The funeral procession would proceed up the ramp into the ceremonial chamber where the priest would bless the king. The king was then taken to his burial chamber deep below the pyramid and then sealed there for all eternity. They are often used because they give you a clear visual image. In figure 1, is a capture of the population pyramid for Nigeria, This population pyramid shows the age and sex structure of Nigeria.
It provides insights about economic development and social and political stability. Looking at the graph, males are shown on the left and females on the right. The horizontal bars represent five year age groups of the breakdown of the population.
The youngest age groups are at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends Leahy. Population pyramid of Nigeria, that shows the age and sex structure.
Nigeria is in the early stages of the demographic transition, because it is well within the category of a very young age structure.
Three-quarters of its population is under the age of The death rate is declining, while they continue to have a high birth rate. This causes the population to expand, creating population growth.
The population of young people increased, while the older adults slightly decreased between and This regression, along the demographic transition of Nigeria, can only be explained by its declining birth rate and stagnant death rate. There has barely been any change in mortality rates since It changed from 20 to 19 annual deaths per 1, people.
Total life expectancy is Between and , the total fertility rate dropped from 6. As fertility and mortality rates have remained high, the momentum of population growth has led the share of children and adolescents within the population to increase. In the population pyramid below, New Zealand exemplifies a stable population structure Getis, New Zealand is a wealthy country with a very slow growth rate. The population is nearly equally divided among the age groups, giving the pyramid almost vertical sides Getis, Essay UK - http: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Geography essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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- CONTENTS: INTRODUCTION - BACKGROUND OF ANCIENT EGYPT & PYRAMIDS - THE STEP PYRAMID of Pharaoh Djoser - THE GREAT PYRAMID of Pharaoh Khufu - CONCLUSION - BIBLIOGRAPHY & FOOTNOTES This essay focuses on two different types of pyramids; the Step pyramid which was the first pyramid and the Great .
Essays Related to Pyramids. 1. The Pyramids. More specifically, I will be focusing on the first Egyptian pyramid, and the Great Pyramids at Giza. The first source that I found is a book that gives a detailed account of both the Djoser's pyramid (the first Egyptian pyramid), and the Great Pyramids at Giza. /5(3). Free Essays words ( pages) The Sphinx of Giza Essay - The Sphinx of Giza The Sphinx of Giza is a symbol that has represented the essence of .
Essay: The Pyramids In my report, I will discuss how the pyramids were built, what purpose they served, the three pyramids at Giza, some messages found on the stones that were used to build pyramids, and what a mastabas is. Pyramids at Giza Essay Sample. There have been many theories regarding how the pyramids at Giza were constructed. Most experts agree that they were constructed as burial monument for pharaohs, but “how” these ancient people constructed monuments of such great size without modern machinery is a mystery which is still being debated.