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Q. How do you know if an article is a primary or secondary research article?


❶Types of Papers 3: While these articles usually start with a brief literature review of previous and similar research, the rest of the article focuses on the authors' original research.

What is Primary Research?

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Key Differences Between Primary and Secondary Research

Performing original analysis on pre-existing data also qualifies as primary research. Though primary research can strengthen any essay, it is not required in all cases. Here are some quick and fast tips for deciding when to opt for primary research:. You have a unique opportunity to conduct research. In many cases, your professor will require primary research for a specific paper or project.

Both physical and social science professors often require primary research in under-division courses to help students get a feel for primary research techniques. Still, it is always a good idea to carefully check the research requirements for all course assignments to determine the expectations of your professor. While under-division courses rarely require students to gather their own research, upper-division or graduate-level courses frequently require primary research. Capstone or thesis courses typically require you to conduct your own research to make a unique contribution to your field subject.

When you enroll in these types of courses, you can expect to conduct primary research for your assignments. If you select a subject that is locally based or uncommon, it might call for original research.

For example, an essay on the opinions regarding the construction of a new student union would require you to personally survey the student body, faculty, or administrators. If you want to assess employee attitudes at a local company, you will need to conduct your own interviews to obtain the pertinent data.

Even when your topic is unoriginal, you might find that little pre-existing research exists on your topic. Because the process of preparing and publishing articles for scholarly journals can be lengthy, it might take time for the academic research community to catch up on your area of interest.

For example, research on a new or emerging industry or business might be scarce. If your search for research comes up dry, you will need to conduct your own investigation by gathering industry data or interviewing business leaders. Disputing the consensus of researchers in your field can be a challenging yet rewarding task. Writers often conduct primary research simply to dispute the conclusion of a previous study or challenge a consensus in their discipline.

Two approaches will help you invalidate pre-existing research. First, you can duplicate a pre-existing study and perform it yourself in anticipation of obtaining different results from the original study. Second, you can design a study that tests the same research question through new methods.

If your research yields contrasting conclusion, you can cast doubt on previously accepted beliefs that were supported from the previous research. Unique research opportunities exist all around us. Is your uncle the CEO of a Fortune company? Does your roommate know the governor of Montana? You can use these connections to obtain interviews, administer questionnaires, or make observations for your essay. Personal connections provide the opportunity to gain access to information that broadens your understanding of your research topic.

While these guidelines will help assess when primary research might be appropriate, they are not the only justifications for conducting original research. When in doubt, a professor or academic tutor can advise on the best research methods for a particular project.

Researchers have a countless number of tools and methods at their disposal when they are conducting primary research. Fortunately there are only four main types of primary research that the majority of students need to know about. The following primary research methods can meet almost any research need. Interviews are conducted by holding in-person, telephone, or email conversations with the people or group of people you wish to study.

During an interview, the researcher asks a series of questions to the interview participants and documents the answers. Primary research is done with a lot of hard work and dedication. It is interesting to note that primary research is expensive to conduct since it involves primary sources.

A key difference between primary and secondary research is that the time taken to conduct primary research is usually long when compared to the time taken to conduct a secondary research.

This is because the researcher has to collect data from the very beginning till the end without relying on other sources. As a matter of fact, the results found from the conduct of primary research are usually known to have better quality than those found from the conduct of the secondary research.

This is probably one of the reasons why people would like to depend more on the findings of primary research rather than on the results of a secondary research. Primary research is also usually detailed and elaborate since it is supposed to be both qualitative and quantitative in purpose.

What is Secondary Research? Unlike in the case of primary research, in secondary research the researcher relies on secondary sources. Imagine you have written a book based on the interview that you have conducted. If somebody uses the book to prepare or write a report , then the data available to that person should be considered secondary in purpose and the research conducted by him based on the book can be called secondary research.

Secondary research is not expensive to conduct since it does not involve the primary sources. The data pertaining to secondary research is usually not very much detailed and elaborate since it involves the indirect sources. Key Differences Between Primary and Secondary Research You can find out the difference between primary and secondary research, in the following points in detail: Research conducted to gather first-hand information, for the current problem is called Primary Research.

Secondary Research is one that involves the use of information obtained originally by primary research. Primary Research is based on raw data, whereas secondary research is based on analysed and interpreted information. The primary research, the data is collected by the researcher himself or by the person hired by him. As against this, the secondary research, the data collection is performed by someone else. The primary research process is very involved which deeply explores the topic.

Conversely, the secondary research process is fast and easy, which aims at gaining broad understanding about the subject. In primary research, as the researcher conducts the research, the data collected is always specific to the needs of the researcher.

As opposed to secondary research, wherein the data lacks particularity, i. Primary research is an expensive process; wherein high cost is involved in the exploration of data and facts from various sources.

Unlike Secondary research, is an economical process wherein the low cost is involved in acquiring pertinent information because the data is already collected by someone else. Primary research consumes a lot of time as the research is done from scratch. However, in the case of secondary research, the collection of data is already done, the research takes comparatively less time.

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Primary research is designed to meet your unique and specific needs. This fundamental research is conducted by you (if you're on a tight budget), or by a research firm that you hire for the project—usually a firm that comes recommended by a colleague.

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Secondary research is defined as an analysis and interpretation of primary research. The method of writing secondary research is to collect primary research that is relevant to a writing topic and interpret what the primary research found.

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Market research generally involves two different types of research: primary and secondary. Primary research is research you conduct yourself (or hire someone to do for you.) It involves going directly to a source —usually customers and prospective customers in your target market — to ask questions and gather information. Primary research is conducted with the help of the primary sources available whereas secondary research is conducted on the basis of some data collected from someone who had got it from some source. This is the major difference between primary and secondary research.

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On the contrary, Secondary research is a research method which involves the use of data, already collected through primary research. The main difference between primary and secondary research lies in the fact that whether the research is conducted previously or not. The primary research was presented first to the board as we decided it was most useful in making an informed decision. 15 people found this helpful In order to accurately predict the popularity of a product in development, a company should conduct their own primary research, rather.