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Schizophrenia is a complex and puzzling illness. Even the experts are not sure exactly what causes it. Some doctors think that the brain may not be able to process information correctly.
People without schizophrenia usually can filter out unneeded information: People with schizophrenia, however, cannot always filter out this extra information. One possible cause of schizophrenia may be heredity, or genetics. Experts think that some people inherit a tendency to schizophrenia.
In fact, the disorder tends to "run" in families, but only among blood relatives. People who have family members with schizophrenia may be more likely to get the disease themselves. This happens even if the child is adopted and raised by mentally healthy adults. That is about the same risk as for the general population of the United States.
Some researchers believe that events in a person"s environment trigger schizophrenia. Some studies have shown that influenza infection or improper nutrition during pregnancy and complications during birth may increase the risk that the baby will develop schizophrenia later in life.
Many believe that schizophrenia is likely caused by a complex combination of genetic and environmental factors. Certain people are born with a tendency to develop the disease. But the disease only appears if these people are exposed to unusual stresses or traumas. Schizophrenia is usually treated with antipsychotic medication. Some people with schizophrenia also benefit from counseling and rehabilitation. They may need to go to the hospital during an acute attack. The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms during acute attacks and to help prevent relapses.
At this time, there is no cure for schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications are very effective in controlling the symptoms of schizophrenia. These medications first became available in the mid"s. They have greatly improved the lives of thousands of people.
Before that time, people with schizophrenia spent most of their lives in crowded hospitals. With antipsychotic medication, however, many people with schizophrenia are able to live in the outside world.
Because each person with schizophrenia has a unique mix of symptoms, no single medication works best for all people. The ideal medication for one person may not be the best choice for another. Although antipsychotic medications do not cure the disease, they can reduce hallucinations and delusions and help people with schizophrenia regain their grip on reality.
Medication also reduces the risk of they symptoms returning. If the person does have a relapse of symptoms, medications may make the symptoms less severe. People with schizophrenia can have a hard time communicating with other people and carrying out ordinary tasks.
Counseling and rehabilitation can help people with schizophrenia build the skills they need to function outside the sheltered setting of a hospital. However, these treatments are not very helpful during acute attacks. Rehabilitation programs may help people with schizophrenia develop skills such as money management, cooking, and personal grooming, for example, needed for ordinary life.
They may also prepare the person to go or return to work. Individual psychotherapy may help person with schizophrenia learn to sort out the real from the unreal. Group therapy may help them learn to get along with others. Self-help groups may help persons with schizophrenia feel that others share their problems.
The best way to prevent relapses is to continue to take the prescribed medication. People with schizophrenia may stop taking their medications for several reasons. As a result of the cause of schizophrenia being unknown, it is highly difficult to treat all who suffer from it. There is evidence that it may also be a genetic disorder.
Schizophrenics, as well as people with creative occupations such as poets and painters, who often demonstrate schizoid character traits, are prone to random thoughts and impulsiveness, which has been linked to sexual success. Although there is currently no known cure for schizophrenia, there are many possible medications that can be subscribed to treat symptoms, specifically antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anticonvulsant drugs that are used to help prevent delusions and hallucinations.
There are also several therapy and support services available to help not only schizophrenics, but also their families and close friends through difficult times. Quite often, people speak of schizophrenia as though it were a single condition, but it is not. It is a multi-faceted condition with varying degrees of severity with different symptoms strengthening and weakening alternately.
First- and second-generation antipsychotic medications are used to reduce anxiety and agitation as well as to prevent hallucinations and delusional behaviour. The most common side effect is called tardive dyskinesia, a condition characterized by uncontrolled body movements, such as hand or foot twitching.
However, because it carries a high dependency rate, any doctor in North America requires special authorization to prescribe clozapine to a patient, and close monitoring is necessary while the patient is on clozapine. Medication to regulate mood swings, such as Lithobid, Lithane, and Eskalith all forms of lithium carbonate , are also commonly prescribed to schizophrenics.
In the past, schizophrenics were over-medicated. This was discovered in the year when researchers at the University of Toronto collaborated with the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health on an investigation into the medication prescribed to schizophrenia.
Supportive psychotherapy is the most common, and generally most successful, medication-free way of treating schizophrenia, although when used in conjunction with the appropriate kind of medication it is more effective than psychotherapy alone. In a group setting, numerous patients meet with a therapist in a situation designed for focused discussion and problem solving or for a less intensive, conversational atmosphere.
Sometimes family members and close friends are also invited to join the group therapy sessions so that they may better understand how their friend or loved one is feeling and what they are going through. After a hospitalized patient is discharged from treatment and sent back home to live with their families, not all of the early side effects of the antipsychotic medication will be gone.
It is also common for patients to continue to show symptoms of irrational fear and paranoia. Drowsiness is usually the biggest concern, and is often amplified due to boredom if the patient has little to do. This can be difficult as the patient may seem non-responsive, but they are not intentionally being rude, it is just a lasting effect of their illness, and family members should be patient but firm in their encouragement.
Although there are many available treatment options for people who suffer from schizophrenia, the nature of the illness makes it very difficult to find the correct medication and dosage for each individual. This kind of treatment has a fairly high success rate, but unfortunately relapse and suicide are always a high risk among recovering schizophrenia sufferers. They cannot distinguish reality from the imaginary and often withdraw into themselves and refuse to interact with others.
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Sample Research Papers. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is categorized as a physhotic illness. I became interesting in Schizophrenia because of a non-fiction movie called “A .
Schizophrenia 2 Definition Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting, intellectual deterioration, social .
Schizophrenia Research Paper. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder characterized by disturbances in thought, emotion, and behavior READ MORE HERE. The literature reviewed for this paper is definitely clear that Schizophrenia is the most complicated of all the psychiatric conditions to understand and treat. The research on the dopamine theory states that the dopamine levels in the brain are one of the central factors in the development of schizophrenia/5(10).
Free Schizophrenia papers, essays, and research papers. The History and Future of Schizophrenia - According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, schizophrenia is characterized by the development of two or more symptoms of the following symptoms in a one-month period. Research Paper III I chose to write my research paper over Schizophrenia. It is a psychological disorder that I have always found fascinating. It is a serious disorder that consumes a person's life and is nearly impossible to control.